AskDefine | Define vest

Dictionary Definition

vest

Noun

1 a man's sleeveless garment worn underneath a coat [syn: waistcoat]
2 a collarless men's undergarment for the upper part of the body [syn: singlet, undershirt]

Verb

1 provide with power and authority; "They vested the council with special rights" [syn: invest, enthrone] [ant: divest]
2 place (authority, property, or rights) in the control of a person or group of persons; "She vested her vast fortune in her two sons"
3 become legally vested; "The property vests in the trustees"
4 clothe oneself in ecclesiastical garments
5 clothe formally; especially in ecclesiastical robes [syn: robe]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

Noun

  1. A sleeveless garment, often with a low-cut neck, usually worn under a shirt or blouse.
  2. A sleeveless garment that buttons down the front, worn over a shirt, and often as part of a suit.
  3. A protective sleeveless garment worn over outer clothing.

Synonyms

Translations

garment worn under a shirt
garment worn over a shirt
protective garment

Verb

  1. (commonly used of financial arrangements) To become vested, to become permanent.
    My pension vests at the end of the month and then I can take it with me when I quit.
    • 2005, Kaye A. Thomas, Consider Your Options, page 104
      If you doubt that you'll stick around at the company long enough for your options to vest, you should discount the value for that uncertainty as well.

Danish

Noun

vest (uncountable)
  1. west, a compass direction
  2. A vest

Related terms

Dutch

Pronunciation

Noun

vest

Latvian

Verb

vest

Romansch

Etymology

From a Germanic language

Noun

vest

Slovene

Noun

vest

Extensive Definition

A vest is a type of collarless sleeveless upper-body garment. There are a variety of similar garments that can be referred to as vests, but may go by other names in different regions. Vests typically fall into two broad categories:
  • Sleeveless upper-body garments, usually worn as undergarments, known as vests, undershirts or singlets.
  • Sleeveless jackets or coats, known as vests in the US and as waistcoats in the UK.

Etymology

The term vest derives from French veste, Italian vesta, veste "robe, gown," and Latin vestis, from vestire "to clothe". The sleeveless garment worn by men beneath the coat may have been introduced by King Charles II of England; a diary entry from October 8, 1666, written by Samuel Pepys states, "The King hath yesterday, in Council, declared his resolution of setting a fashion for clothes .... It will be a vest, I know not well how; but it is to teach the nobility thrift."

Sleeveless shirt

Known as an undershirt in the US, vest in the UK and many commonwealth countries or singlet in Australia, this garment is typically a sleeveless T-shirt, often (but not exclusively) used as an undergarment.

Sleeveless jacket

The garment known as a waistcoat in the UK and many commonwealth countries and as vest in North America, is a sleeveless jacket or coat. It is often worn as part of formal attire, as the third piece of the three-piece suit.
A form of this garment, sometimes known as a sports vest, is worn as an outer garment, usually in association with outdoor activities. The padded vest is popular apparel for hunting, commonly known as a hunting vest. Another common variant is the fishing vest which carries a profusion of external pockets for carrying fishing tackle.

Other varieties

Other garments called vests include:

References

vest in Danish: Vest (tøj)
vest in German: Weste
vest in Spanish: Chaleco
vest in French: Gilet
vest in Dutch: Vest
vest in Norwegian Nynorsk: Klesplagget vest
vest in Portuguese: Colete
vest in Slovenian: Brezrokavnik
vest in Swedish: Väst (plagg)

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

appertain, appertain to, authorize, base, belong to, bless with, build, build in, dower, empower, endow, endow with, establish, favor with, fix, found, grace with, ground, install, invest, lay the foundation, pertain, pertain to, pitch, plant, put in, put up, seat, set, set up, settle on, settle upon, vest in, vest with, waistcoat
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